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Table Tennis Terminology

I have been asked about different terms on table tennis.  This is information I have gathered for you

What is Table tennis?

Also known as ping-pong, whiff waff and flim flam, table tennis is contested in both singles and team events with the matches being determined by the best-of-five games. The game is played on a table measuring 9 feet (2.74 metres) in length by 5 feet (1.52 metres) in width, with each half of the table divided by a net measuring 6 inches (15.25 centimetres) in height. Based on the same principles as tennis where a player hits the ball over the net to their opponent’s side using a variety of shots, this lightning-fast game can see balls reach speeds of over 150 kilometres per hour

The flat part of the racquet used for hitting the ball.

A shot aimed downward that causes the ball to backspin.

Drop shot
A return shot that falls just over the opponent’s side of the net.

An attacking shot that places a topspin on the ball.

A popular method of gripping the racquet that resembles holding a pen

Why do you not call it ping pong at your store?

The name “Table Tennis” appeared on a board and dice game made by J.H.Singer of New York in 1887, showing that the phrase “table tennis” had been around at least since then.  In 1901, John Jacques registered “Ping-Pong” as a trade name in England, and the American rights were sold to Parker Brothers.   Parker Brothers were  very aggressive in protecting their rights to the trade name “Ping-Pong” in America, the name table tennis was preferred to ping-pong to avoid trademark disputes.

Basic Rules of Games

A match is played best 3 of 5 games (or 4/7 or 5/9). For each game, the first player to reach 11 points wins that game, however a game must be won by at least a two point margin.

A point is scored after each ball is put into play (not just when the server wins the point as in volleyball).

The edges of the table are part of the legal table surface, but not the sides.

Flow of the Match
Each player serves two points in a row and then switch server. However, if a score of 10-10 is reached in any game, then each server serves only one point and then the server is switched. After each game, the players switch side of the table. In the final game (ie 5th game), the players switch side again after either player reaches 5 points.Legal Service
The ball must rest on an open hand palm. Then it must be tossed up at least 6 inches and struck so the ball first bounces on the server’s side and then the opponent’s side.

If the serve is legal except that it touches the net, it is called a let serve. Let serves are not scored and are reserved.

The paddle should have a red and a black side. The ball should be either orange or white and 40 mm in size. The table should be 2.74 meters long, 1.525 m wide, and 0.76 m high.

I have posted the official rules

What is Spin?

It is the ability to apply spins of up to 150 revolutions per second.

The spin on the ball puts a force on the ball which is at right angles to the direction it is moving. This force will affect the flight of the ball.

There are three main spins to understand in table tennis:

  1. Topspin-  on the ball causes the ball to drop faster and kick more forward when it bounces.  Use when the ball is only a little higher than the net (or lower than the net) and you want to hit the ball hard and aggressively.

2.Backspin-makes the ball tend to lift against the force of gravity and slows down the forward bounce.  Use backspin when the ball is over the table, and you do not have the room to swing up to make topspin. Backspin will also force the opponent to swing upwards with spin to counter the way the ball jumps downwards off his bat, so he will have to hit more slowly if you can keep the ball low

3.Sidespin will cause the ball to curve to the left and right, and bounce towards these directions when hitting the table.  Use to help make it harder for the opponent to tell how much topspin or backspin is put on the ball, which will help to force him to make mistakes.





official rules of Table tennis 2012 source ITTF

Official Table Tennis Rules

Current as of 2012. source ITTF

2.01.01 The upper surface of the table, known as the playing surface, shall be rectangular, 2.74m long and 1.525m wide, and shall lie in a horizontal plane 76cm above the floor.
2.01.02 The playing surface shall not include the vertical sides of the tabletop.
2.01.03 The playing surface may be of any material and shall yield a uniform bounce of about 23cm when a standard ball is dropped on to it from a height of 30cm.
2.01.04 The playing surface shall be uniformly dark coloured and matt, but with a white side line, 2cm wide, along each 2.74m edge and a white end line, 2cm wide, along each 1.525m edge.
2.01.05 The playing surface shall be divided into 2 equal courts by a vertical net running parallel with the end lines, and shall be continuous over the whole area of each court.
2.01.06 For doubles, each court shall be divided into 2 equal half-courts by a white centre line, 3mm wide, running parallel with the side lines; the centre line shall be regarded as part of each right half-court.
2.02.01 The net assembly shall consist of the net, its suspension and the supporting posts, including the clamps attaching them to the table.
2.02.02 The net shall be suspended by a cord attached at each end to an upright post 15.25cm high, the outside limits of the post being 15.25cm outside the side line.
2.02.03 The top of the net, along its whole length, shall be 15.25cm above the playing surface.
2.02.04 The bottom of the net, along its whole length, shall be as close as possible to the playing surface and the ends of the net shall be as close as possible to the supporting posts.
2.03.01 The ball shall be spherical, with a diameter of 40mm.
2.03.02 The ball shall weigh 2.7g.
2.03.03 The ball shall be made of celluloid or similar plastics material and shall be white or orange, and matt.
2.04.01 The racket may be of any size, shape or weight but the blade shall be flat and rigid.
2.04.02 At least 85% of the blade by thickness shall be of natural wood; an adhesive layer within the blade may be reinforced with fibrous material such as carbon fibre, glass fibre or compressed paper, but shall not be thicker than 7.5% of the total thickness or 0.35mm, whichever is the smaller.
2.04.03 A side of the blade used for striking the ball shall be covered with either ordinary pimpled rubber, with pimples outwards having a total thickness including adhesive of not more than 2.0mm, or sandwich rubber, with pimples inwards or outwards, having a total thickness including adhesive of not more than 4.0mm. Ordinary pimpled rubber is a single layer of non-cellular rubber, natural or synthetic, with pimples evenly distributed over its surface at a density of not less than 10 per cm2 and not more than 30 per cm2. Sandwich rubber is a single layer of cellular rubber covered with a single outer layer of ordinary pimpled rubber, the thickness of the pimpled rubber not being more than 2.0mm.
2.04.04 The covering material shall extend up to but not beyond the limits of the blade, except that the part nearest the handle and gripped by the fingers may be left uncovered or covered with any material.
2.04.05 The blade, any layer within the blade and any layer of covering material or adhesive on a side used for striking the ball shall be continuous and of even thickness.
2.04.06 The surface of the covering material on a side of the blade, or of a side of the blade if it is left uncovered, shall be matt, bright red on one side and black on the other.
2.04.07 The racket covering shall be used without any physical, chemical or other treatment. Slight deviations from continuity of surface or uniformity of colour due to accidental damage or wear may be allowed provided that they do not significantly change the characteristics of the surface.
2.04.08 Before the start of a match and whenever he or she changes his or her racket during a match a player shall show his or her opponent and the umpire the racket he or she is about to use and shall allow them to examine it.
2.05.01 A rally is the period during which the ball is in play.
2.05.02 The ball is in play from the last moment at which it is stationary on the palm of the free hand before being intentionally projected in service until the rally is decided as a let or a point.
2.05.03 A let is a rally of which the result is not scored.
2.05.04 A point is a rally of which the result is scored.
2.05.05 The racket hand is the hand carrying the racket.
2.05.06 The free hand is the hand not carrying the racket; the free arm is the arm of the free hand.
2.05.07 A player strikes the ball if he or she touches it in play with his or her racket, held in the hand, or with his or her racket hand below the wrist.
2.05.08 A player obstructs the ball if he or she, or anything he or she wears or carries, touches it in play when it is above or travelling towards the playing surface, not having touched his or her court since last being struck by his or her opponent.
2.05.09 The server is the player due to strike the ball first in a rally.
2.05.10 The receiver is the player due to strike the ball second in a rally.
2.05.11 The umpire is the person appointed to control a match.
2.05.12 The assistant umpire is the person appointed to assist the umpire with certain decisions.
2.05.13 Anything that a player wears or carries includes anything that he or she was wearing or carrying, other than the ball, at the start of the rally.
2.05.14 The ball shall be regarded as passing over or around the net assembly if it passes anywhere other than between the net and the net post or between the net and the playing surface.
2.05.15 The end line shall be regarded as extending indefinitely in both directions.
2.06.01 Service shall start with the ball resting freely on the open palm of the server’s stationary free hand.
2.06.02 The server shall then project the ball near vertically upwards, without imparting spin, so that it rises at least 16cm after leaving the palm of the free hand and then falls without touching anything before being struck.
2.06.03 As the ball is falling the server shall strike it so that it touches first his or her court and then, after passing over or around the net assembly, touches directly the receiver’s court; in doubles, the ball shall touch successively the right half court of server and receiver.
2.06.04 From the start of service until it is struck, the ball shall be above the level of the playing surface and behind the server’s end line, and it shall not be hidden from the receiver by the server or his or her doubles partner or by anything they wear or carry.
2.06.05 As soon as the ball has been projected, the server’s free arm and hand shall be removed from the space between the ball and the net.
The space between the ball and the net is defined by the ball, the net and its indefinite upward extension.
2.06.06 It is the responsibility of the player to serve so that the umpire or the assistant umpire can be satisfied that he or she complies with the requirements of the Laws, and either may decide that a service is incorrect. If either the umpire or the assistant umpire is not sure about the legality of a service he or she may, on the first occasion in a match, interrupt play and warn the server; but any subsequent service by that player or his or her doubles partner which is not clearly legal shall be considered incorrect.
2.06.07 Exceptionally, the umpire may relax the requirements for a correct service where he or she is satisfied that compliance is prevented by physical disability.
2.07.01 The ball, having been served or returned, shall be struck so that it passes over or around the net assembly and touches the opponent’s court, either directly or after touching the net assembly.
2.08.01 In singles, the server shall first make a service, the receiver shall then make a return and thereafter server and receiver alternately shall each make a return.
2.08.02 In doubles, the server shall first make a service, the receiver shall then make a return, the partner of the server shall then make a return, the partner of the receiver shall then make a return and thereafter each player in turn in that sequence shall make a return.
2.08.03 When two players who are in wheelchairs due to a physical disability are a pair playing doubles, the server shall first make a service, the receiver shall then make a return but thereafter either player of the disabled pair may make returns. However, no part of a player’s wheelchair shall protrude beyond the imaginary extension of the centre line of the table. If it does, the umpire shall award the point to the opposing pair.
2.09 A LET
2.09.01 The rally shall be a let if in service the ball, in passing over or around the net assembly, touches it, provided the service is otherwise correct or the ball is obstructed by the receiver or his or her partner; if the service is delivered when the receiving player or pair is not ready, provided that neither the receiver nor his or her partner attempts to strike the ball; if failure to make a service or a return or otherwise to comply with the Laws is due to a disturbance outside the control of the player; if play is interrupted by the umpire or assistant umpire; if the receiver is in wheelchair owing to a physical disability and in service the ball, provided that the service is otherwise correct, after touching the receiver’s court returns in the direction of the net; comes to rest on the receiver’s court; in singles leaves the receiver’s court after touching it by either of its sidelines.
2.09.02 Play may be interrupted to correct an error in the order of serving, receiving or ends; to introduce the expedite system; to warn or penalise a player or adviser; because the conditions of play are disturbed in a way which could affect the outcome of the rally.
2.10 A POINT
2.10.01 Unless the rally is a let, a player shall score a point if an opponent fails to make a correct service; if an opponent fails to make a correct return; if, after he or she has made a service or a return, the ball touches anything other than the net assembly before being struck by an opponent; if the ball passes over his or her court or beyond his or her end line without touching his or her court, after being struck by an opponent; if an opponent obstructs the ball; if an opponent deliberately strikes the ball twice in succession; if an opponent strikes the ball with a side of the racket blade whose surface does not comply with the requirements of 2.4.3, 2.4.4 and 2.4.5; if an opponent, or anything an opponent wears or carries, moves the playing surface; if an opponent, or anything an opponent wears or carries, touches the net assembly; if an opponent’s free hand touches the playing surface; if a doubles opponent strikes the ball out of the sequence established by the first server and first receiver; as provided under the expedite system (2.15.4). if both players or pairs are in a wheelchair due to a physical disability and his or her opponent does not maintain a minimum contact with the seat or cushion(s), with the back of the thigh, when the ball is struck; his or her opponent touches the table with either hand before striking the ball; his or her opponent’s footrest or foot touches the floor during play. as provided under the order of play (2.8.3).
2.11 A GAME
2.11.01 A game shall be won by the player or pair first scoring 11 points unless both players or pairs score 10 points, when the game shall be won by the first player or pair subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points.
2.12 A MATCH
2.12.01 A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games.
2.13.01 The right to choose the initial order of serving, receiving and ends shall be decided by lot and the winner may choose to serve or to receive first or to start at a particular end.
2.13.02 When one player or pair has chosen to serve or to receive first or to start at a particular end, the other player or pair shall have the other choice.
2.13.03 After each 2 points have been scored the receiving player or pair shall become the serving player or pair and so on until the end of the game, unless both players or pairs score 10 points or the expedite system is in operation, when the sequences of serving and receiving shall be the same but each player shall serve for only 1 point in turn.
2.13.04 In each game of a doubles match, the pair having the right to serve first shall choose which of them will do so and in the first game of a match the receiving pair shall decide which of them will receive first; in subsequent games of the match, the first server having been chosen, the first receiver shall be the player who served to him or her in the preceding game.
2.13.05 In doubles, at each change of service the previous receiver shall become the server and the partner of the previous server shall become the receiver.
2.13.06 The player or pair serving first in a game shall receive first in the next game of the match and in the last possible game of a doubles match the pair due to receive next shall change their order of receiving when first one pair scores 5 points.
2.13.07 The player or pair starting at one end in a game shall start at the other end in the next game of the match and in the last possible game of a match the players or pairs shall change ends when first one player or pair scores 5 points.
2.14.01 If a player serves or receives out of turn, play shall be interrupted by the umpire as soon as the error is discovered and shall resume with those players serving and receiving who should be server and receiver respectively at the score that has been reached, according to the sequence established at the beginning of the match and, in doubles, to the order of serving chosen by the pair having the right to serve first in the game during which the error is discovered.
2.14.02 If the players have not changed ends when they should have done so, play shall be interrupted by the umpire as soon as the error is discovered and shall resume with the players at the ends at which they should be at the score that has been reached, according to the sequence established at the beginning of the match.
2.14.03 In any circumstances, all points scored before the discovery of an error shall be reckoned.
2.15.01 Except as provided in 2.15.2, the expedite system shall come into operation after 10 minutes’ play in a game or at any time requested by both players or pairs.
2.15.02 The expedite system shall not be introduced in a game if at least 18 points have been scored.
2.15.03 If the ball is in play when the time limit is reached and the expedite system is due to come into operation, play shall be interrupted by the umpire and shall resume with service by the player who served in the rally that was interrupted; If the ball is not in play when the expedite system comes into operation, play shall resume with service by the player who received in the immediately preceding rally.
2.15.04 Thereafter, each player shall serve for 1 point in turn until the end of the game, and if the receiving player or pair makes 13 correct returns in a rally the receiver shall score a point.
2.15.05 Introduction of the expedite system shall not alter the order of serving and receiving in the match, as defined in 2.13.6.
2.15.06 Once introduced, the expedite system shall remain in operation until the end of the match.


Bar Stool Height or Counter Height-What height should my kitchen stools be?

When purchasing bar stools or counter stools many customers arrive at  the store with no idea what height they should purchase for their new kitchen counter.

Stools come in a variety of height


counter stools- 24″-26″

bar stools-30″

spectator stools 34″

But it is the two middle counter and barstools that people get confused on.  The easy for myself to quickly determine which height you require it is your kitchen sink the same height as your counter or higher.


These chairs are counter height-see the sink in picture.  The counter is roughly 34-36″


These stools are bar height.  You will see the counter is raised to 42″ the same as a regular sitting bar


Some of the new designs of kitchens are chair height.  Which is your regular dining room height.

The height of the stool should be 10″ to 12″ from the height of your counter to your stool is another way but quite often we arrive at the store without our height of our counter which is why I have come to use the kitchen sink rule of thumb.

Counter 24″ -26″ should I be concerned?

I find many of the stools use the inches of a stool but when I measure than they are not exactly those measurements.  In fact we have two stools in the stools one saying 24″ one that say it is 26″ and they are the same height.

The spectator stool which is 34″ is used usually around pool tables.  We have encountered a few bars that have been built as a standing bar not a sitting bar which requires this height of a stool  The bar is usually 46″ in height.  Unfortunately not all stools come in this height and they are usually an additional charge of around $50.00 for this higher height


What shape of dart flight is best dart


Choosing dart flights is a very important factor in your dart set-up .  Time should be taken in choosing the correct shape for your throwing style.

Standard flights are used by most new dart players, they are more efficient because they have a larger surface area. They tend to be more forgiving for darts thrown at an angle to the board because the larger surface area catches the air and straightens them up.

But this  does not mean they would be the best choice you.

The slim or coalcracker flight as they are known we have found are best for lighter darts as  they tend to cut through the air quicker.  They were actually developed for soft tip darts which at most are 18gm

If your darts tend to hit the board at an angle and you wish to correct this then try using bigger flights

Some of the shapes I believe are just for looks like the heart shape seldom used by excellent players but used in many social groups for how cool they look.

You must also take into account the length of shaft size with the flight

I would  recommend trying all shapes of flight at least once and also various lengths of stems so that you can determine what’s best for you. You may even decide on flights with a smaller surface area and long or medium stems.

Ideally, you want your darts to hit the board at a perfectly flat angle, or with the flight pointing slightly upwards, not more than 5-10 degrees to achieve this try three factors, dart shape, shaft length and different dart.

The cheapest way to experiment is with the dart flights


Settings – Family Recreation Centre St. Catharine Ontario Brunswick pool tables

Settings – Family Recreation Centre St. Catharine Ontario Brunswick pool tables.


Tips to help you sell your pool table

I think the most economically way to sell your pool table for the best price in Ontario is thru Kijiji.  In other parts of the world it is craig’s list, newspapers and ebay.  Newspapers and Ebay cost you the seller whereas unless you are posting your ad to the top and pay a small fee kijiji is free.

Let’s face it unless you have a special table no one is going to ship the table very far.  Kijiji gets you that customer that is near to your home for easy transporation to see you table and easy for them to transport.

lets get the table ready to sell

 Price your table fairly if you want to sell it.  If is really not important what you paid 5 or 25 years ago for the table.  You need to see what the same table or equivalent table would cost you today.  In Canada our exchange rate is now at par.  A few years ago we paid up to 60% on the American dollar so pool table are actually cheaper today.  Even if your table was built in Canada the slate, pockets and cloth did not come from Canada which has put an impact on the table.

Usually when you purchased the table it included installation in your home and a warranty.  Those two factors are not included in your table.  No table manufacture extends the warranty to the next owner.  To move a pool table and set it up is more costly than the original set up of the table

Inspect your table as a potential customer would.  That would be firstly cleaning it.

I was shocked to see this table recently on kijiji.  With the caption I am out of room and need to get rid of the table.  Even if I was given it for free the person taking it off your hands would not know where to start to find the table.

Brush your table and polish the wood.  Inspect the rubber has it gone mushy or hard from non use.  If the customer has to change the rubber that is an expensive job from 150-450.

Inspect your legs to make sure moisture from your floor has not damaged the table.  Has mould grown around the legs from moisture. 

How about taking off the spiderwebs around the table.  Yes we have gone to move table where there is many spiderwebs and mould on the legs

Is the styling of the table out of date.  When you purchased that solid oak pool table everyone wanted that wood.  You will not see many new oak pool tables on the market today because as of this writing 2012 most customers do not want oak.  Also you do not see many vinyl veneer tables on the market only wood veneer or solid wood in darker finishes.  Look at the new styles and that will help you.

Ready to take a picture for your ad?  NOT YET!   Get rid of all our treasures around the table.

Clean on the top but where are the legs

When your potential customer sees this picture on kijiji they see that you probably did not look after the table and that they will have to move all your junk to move it. 

What was the table really used for

When a potential customer sees this picture they realize that the cloth is probably damaged at the least with stuff on it.  Is it beside a wall did you move it? 

So looking at those three pictures would you have called?

Two other alternatives that don’t get calls are using the suppliers picture.  The customer is thinking is the table in that bad of shape that they cannot show me what it really looks it?  The worst is no picture at all.  Though from the three picture I might reconsider my comment there.  We have all heard a picture tells 1000 words well when you are selling anything used I would say that is right.

This is perfect presentation

This table has been staged to sell.  It invites you to play.  The accessories are on the wall where they probably always had them.  You want that table in your own home

similar table not as inviting but okay

Yes this is the same style table with the accessories on the table.  I know they are trying to show what comes with it but take pictures with nothing on the table and the accessories separate.  Both show better.

The more picture the better.  Take a picture of the leg separate so the customer can see the style and shape.  Take a picture of the pocket to say whether it is pool or snooker.  Know the difference if you have a pool or snooker pocket .  You will be wasting both your time and the potential customers time if you say it is a pool pocket and they arrive at your home and find out it is a snooker pocket table.  We discussed determining if you have pool or snooker in another article.

If you do not have a digital camera ask someone to help you take the pictures to post.

Writing the advertisment.  Be honest on the shape.  Determine the correct size.  Please see article on determing size.  The more correct information you have in the ad show you  as an honest seller and you will probably get your price. 

Timing is everything unfortunatley just because you decided today is the day to sell your pool table the market for used tables is best in October to January with of course December being the highest.  In the summer used pool tables go for very little people are outside working on outdoor projects.  If you put in your ad need it gone by the weekend you just said come and get it for free.  If you are selling your home decide ahead of time that it is a large piece of furniture and give yourself time to sell

One last piece of advice on accessories unfortunately they usually do not get you more money.  A light is hard to sell due to the electrical issue.  Most customers assume that you are throwing in the accessories.  If you have a special cue that Uncle Harry gave you put it away if they see it they want it

This is mainly how to advertise on kijiji and Craigs list.  If you are putting your table in the newspaper try to give as much information as possible size, make, shape and price.  Today it is hard to sell a pool table this way.

Ebay takes a percentage of the sale and has a customer base around the world.  Shipping a pool table is a costly business.  Unless you have a special table that someone would be willing to ship and you would not mind getting the table prepared for shipping it is a harder way to sell today.


Pool Table Near Poles or Beams

A  perfect room would be if there were no poles or beams interferring with a pool tables.  Unfortunately today  many of the rooms we help people design have a pole or low beam.

making the best with a post in the room

The question we get is should I forgot about having a pool table or how can I work around the obstruction.

Our most bizarre room a customer wanted to practice for tournaments but had a small room.  He had us put the pool table againt  walls so he had two sides to practise with.  I would not suggest this but it worked for over twenty years for him and he won many tournaments because he was able to practise at home.

Not recommended but is this better than no table for practising

Ideally you would like to have 5′ around your pool table but here are  a few design ideas you can incorporate in to your room that should help with the  inconveniences caused by the poles or beams near your pool table.

The first design  to consider is the most play of the table is where the balls are racked.  Many people think you should have alot of room to break but the most play on an average players table is where the balls are racked.  The head of the table which is where you break from starts with you inside the playing area usually near the line.  As I said most average players do not fully break and have the balls thruout the table but they tend to stay near the end of the table.    So the post is better at the breaking end of the table

If the room is really tight, you can position the table so that the pole is located near the middle of one of the side rail.  We have positioned tables that post is actually beside the rail rather than one foot out.

Beams in the ceiling have effected tall people and cues.  Usually the beam runs down the centre of the pool table so it does not effect people as much but the cues and the  light.  We will look at the in a further blog

The best way to decided where to layout your table is to cut out the inside playing area of the table you are purchasing.  If a 4 x 8 table the inside playing area is 44″ x 88″.  You can use paper or cardboard for this layout.  Position it around the room with the post and see what area feel best suited to your flow of the room.

Your billiard installer will also suggest the best position in the room for maximum playablity.  We also design rooms with your dimensions.  Brunswick billiards has designed a great website design

but unfortuately posts are not added but it show you the layout of the space.  Don’t forgot to add people to the plan they take up space too.  Since many pool rooms in homes are not perfect most people have house rules.  It usually involves moving a ball  when a reasonable shot cannot be done.  We also sell great trouble shooter cues that are balanced for those tight shots

Great alternative cue for poles and short folks

Measure and have fun


How to determine the size of a pool table

Many customers contact us saying our pool table is 5’x 9′ and after discussing with them there is no such size as that are confused.

Here is a simple guide to determine the size of your pool table.

Measure the inside playing area of the pool table.  That means from the inside rubber of the table straight down not under the rail to the other size.  The length is always 2x the width of the pool table.  Knowing that fact also helps you in determining your angles when playing pool.  The table is actually two perfect squares

You cannot measure the outside of the table as designs whether modern or antique have rails today 5″to 10 “in width.

Sorry for you that measure in metric pool tables are always measured in inches.


Typical pool table sizes are:

6′-32″x 64″”
7′ — 38″ x 76″
8′ — 44″ x 88″-most common
Pro 8′ — 46″ x 92″ -usually commercial or antique tables-also dufferin billiards
9′ — 50″ x 100″

Snooker tables usually come in a 5 x 10 or 6 x 12 however they can come in smaller sizes and the pocket determines whether pool or snooker.



Sandi in the Dart Industry

BCE entered Canada in late 1970’s and approached Family Recreation Centre about selling their pool tables and darts.  Prior to that time we knew nothing about the game of darts. 

We started like most people and did not know anything about darts, that shafts break and flights need to be changed.  We quickly learned the game from our customers and playing.

When we opened our store in St. Catharines we quickly became the place to buy your darts.  Don Crookshanks from Falcon darts took a great interest in our store and taught us that players must all try the darts before they buy.  We installed a dartboard for all players to try out the darts and learned how to assist players in weights, shapes and lengths for each player

We started a fun for players on Valentines Day.  It quickly became a social event of the year with over 60 teams  participating.  We handed over the tournmant to the legions to continue. 

Valentines dart tournament at Branch 350

In the late 80’s many youth were coming into the store with no place to play.  We started the St. Catharines Youth Dart league with 4 players.  The league had a  Canadian Champions in Jeff Kompon,  and many Ontario Championships David Munro, Jeff Butt, Keith Maccuish to name a few.  We took the youth to many tournaments in Ontario and held our own during the grape and wine.  Boy did we score alot of dart games in thoses years as we allowed children as low as 9 into the league with little math skills.  They sure did learn how to add, subtract and multiply after they finished playing.  Many still come into the store today with their children

Youth Dart league in local parade

During that time we had many helpers and handed over the league to them organizing the Ontario Championship in Niagara Falls that year.  We still sponsor the youth leagues.


Sandi in the billiard Industry

I was born in 1958 to Stanley and Ruth Kozak in Simcoe Ontario.  At birth her Grandparents Roy and Lena Whitehead together owned and operated Norfolk Recreation.  Stanley Kozak also worked in the billiard room racking balls, recovering pool tables, repairing cues and more. 

My Grandparents pool room in Simcoe Ontario with Brunswick Anniversary pool tables

 In the early 1970’s the Kozak’s were approached by Brunswick Billiards to start a Brunswick authorized franchised store for home snooker and pool tables.  Since Stanley had been working on old antique tables and reselling old tables for another of years and Ruth has a thriving business  knowledge they decided to give it a try.  It was a huge success with many truckloads of pool tables being delivered. 

Ruth and Stanley Kozak in 1970’s at billiard display
“Sandi’s parents”

 To help with the delivery of the truckloads of tables Stanley engaged Sandi’s boyfriend at the time Gary Chard.  That was Gary’s first introduction to pool tables.

 In  1977, I  attended McMaster University and received a Bachelor of Commerce degree and decided to join the family business after marriage to Gary Chard.

Gary learned the craft from Stanley on new and used antique tables.  I did most of the selling of the tables.

Norfolk County Fair display of pool tables

In 1983 we decided we would like to start our own Family Recreation Centre and choose St. Catharines, Ontario to start our business. 

Sandi Chard 2012

 There you have it how we got started in the billiard industry

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